Changing the ConstitutionThe United States Constitution is over 200 years old! Therefore it has needed some changes. These changes are called amendments.
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~There are a total 27 amendments in the constitution
~Amendments are made because we can't keep the same exact document. Time goes by and things change and the Constitution needs to adapt to these changes.
~A change to the Constitution may be proposed in a joint or concurrent resolution of Congress. It must be approved by two-thirds of each house.
~The first 10 amendments (Bill Of Rights) were created because people felt the government had to much power
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The 27 amendments:
1st
Freedom of religion, of speech, of the press, to petition, and to assemble
2nd
The right to keep and bear arms
3rd
No quartering of soldiers in private houses during times of peace or war
4th
Interdiction of unreasonable Searches and seizures; warrants
5th
Indictments; Due process; Self-incrimination; Double jeopardy, and rules for Eminent Domain.
6th
Right to a fair and speedy public trial, Notice of accusations, Confronting one’s accuser, Subpoenas, Right to counsel
7th
Right to trial by jury in civil cases
8th
No excessive bail & fines or cruel & unusual punishment
9th
Unenumerated rights
10th
Limits the power of the Federal government
11th
Immunity of states from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders. Lays the foundation for sovereign immunity.
12th
Revision of presidential election procedures
13th
Abolition of slavery, except as punishment for a crime.
14th
Citizenship, state due process, applies Bill of Rights to the states, revision to apportionment of Representatives, Denies public office to anyone who has rebelled against the United States
15th
Suffrage no longer restricted by race
16th
Allows federal income tax
17th
Direct election to the United States Senate
18th
Prohibition of alcohol (Repealed by 21st amendment)
19th
Women’s suffrage
20th
Term Commencement for congress (January 3) and president (January 20.) (This amendment is also known as the “lame duck amendment”.)
21st
Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment; state and local prohibition no longer required by law.
22nd
Limits the president to two terms
23rd
Representation of Washington, D.C. in the Electoral College
24th
Prohibition of the restriction of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
25th
Presidential Succession
26th
Voting age nationally established as age 18 (see suffrage)
27th
Variance of congressional compensation